Electron Beam Focusing in the Linear Accelerator (Linac)
Student: Luis Jauregui
School: California State University
Mentored By: Yves Roblin
To produce consistent data with an electron accelerator, it is critical to have a well-focused beam. To keep the beam focused, quadrupoles (quads) are used. Quads are magnets, which focus the beam in one direction (x or y) and defocus in the other. When two or more quads are used in series, a net focusing effect is achieved in both vertical and horizontal directions. At start up there is a 5% calibration error in the linac. This means that the momentum of particles passing through the quads isn't always what is expected, which affects the focusing of the beam. The objective is to find exactly how sensitive the focusing in the linac is to this 5% error. A linac was simulated, which contained 208 RF Cavities with randomized electric fields (to simulate the 5% calibration error), and a total momentum kick of 1090 MeV.