Couldn't make it to the last Science Series lecture? Did you like a lecture so much that you just had to see it again? Not to worry! Past lectures are now available on demand!
The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the European Center for Nuclear Research, is the world's largest and most energy particle collider. It began operating in 2009, and since that point approximately 2,000 papers have been published based on this data. I will attempt to put this into context and will discuss the relevant ideas and themes and whether the LHC data supports or refutes them. I will pay particular attention to what the LHC is telling us about the non-trivial nature of the vacuum and some of its more interesting features.
December 5, 2018
Dr. Thomas LeCompte - Argonne National Lab
Quantum physics, the science of extremely small things like atoms and subatomic particles, is one of the best tested theories in the history of science, and also one of the most bizarre. Many of its predictions - particles that behave like waves, cats that are alive and dead at the same time, objects that pass through barriers as if they weren't even there - seem more like science fiction than science fact. In this talk I'll explain the reality behind some of the stranger aspects of quantum physics, and why it is so important that even dogs should know about it.
February 9, 2016
Dr. Chad Orzel - Union College
Since ancient times, humans have inquired about what makes up the world around them. In antiquity, the Greeks believed the world to be made up of earth, water, air, fire and the aether. Today, researchers at Jefferson Lab study quarks and gluons: what we now believe to be the fundamental building blocks of the atomic nucleus. Jefferson Lab's research on the building blocks of matter will be presented along with a discussion about why you should care.
October 7, 2014
Dr. Douglas Higinbotham - Jefferson Lab
Particle physics shares with other basic sciences the need to innovate, invent and develop tools, techniques and technologies to carry out its mission to explore the nature of matter, energy, space and time. The story of invention in particle physics and the interplay between different fields of science and society will be illustrated in this colloquium. At the same time, particle physics, and curiosity driven fundamental research in general, that could advance scientific discovery and accelerate the pace of innovation...
April 2, 2014
Dr. Marcel Demarteau - Argonne National Lab
On July 4th, 2012, the ATLAS and CMS experiments operating at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) announced the discovery of a new particle compatible with the Higgs boson (hunted for almost 50 years), which is a crucial piece for our understanding of fundamental physics and thus the structure and evolution of the universe. This lecture describes the unprecedented instruments and challenges that have allowed such an accomplishment, the meaning and relevance of this discovery to physics...
April 30, 2013
Dr. Fabiola Gianotti - European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Paper or plastic? Gasoline or electric cars? Ethanol or gasoline? Local or imported food? We are constantly bombarded by environmental questions and by contradictory answers from "experts." This talk will show how you can cut through the fog of numbers to answer these questions for yourself, not precisely, but good enough. We will cover the principles of estimating, introduce the "Goldilocks" categories of answers, and then look at some of the big (and small) environmental questions of our time.
March 5, 2013
Dr. Lawrence Weinstein - Old Dominion University
The world around us is made of atoms. Did you ever wonder where these atoms came from? How was the gold in our jewelry, the carbon in our bodies, and the iron in our cars made? In this lecture, we will trace the origin of a gold atom from the Big Bang to the present day, and beyond. You will learn how the elements were forged in the nuclear furnaces inside stars, and how, when they die, these massive stars spread the elements into space.
November 13, 2012
Dr. Edward Murphy - University of Virginia, Department of Astronomy
From a research path that includes a little bit of rocket science, under sea measurements, radiation detection and measurement, space experimentation and two expeditions to the Antarctic, Mr. McKisson brings a different view of how much physics most people already know from observing the world around them. With a minimal amount of math, attendees will learn a little of the history of physics and may discover that they know more than they thought about what some view as an inscrutable subject.
October 9, 2012
Mr. Jack McKisson - Jefferson Lab, Detector and Imaging Group
Very little data of any kind exists from the early spring in the Arctic. The reason? It's extremely cold and that makes it difficult to survive, let alone conduct science. From March through the end of April, 2011, scientists from around the world braved temperatures of -48°C in the high Canadian Arctic in the name of science. At the Catlin Arctic Survey's floating 'Ice Base' off Ellef Ringnes Island, Dr. Victoria Hill was investigating...
February 7, 2012
Dr. Victoria Hill - Old Dominion University, Bio-Optics Group
The recent earthquake may have you wondering what other surprises Virginia's geology may hold. Could there be a volcanic eruption in Virginia? Probably not today, but during the Eocene, about 35-48 million years ago, a number of mysterious eruptions occurred in western Virginia. This talk investigates the possible origins of these eruptions, and what they can tell us about the crust and mantle underneath Virginia.
January 24, 2012
Dr. Elizabeth Baedke Johnson - James Madison University
Dr. Susan Fisher-Hoch, Virologist and Epidemiologist, will discuss her research and travels associated with viral hemorrhagic fevers. From the Ebola outbreak in Reston, Virginia to outbreaks of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in South Africa, Senegal, and Saudi Arabia, Dr. Fisher-Hoch has studied and tracked the pathophysiology of these viral diseases. These studies have led her from the Center for Disease Control in the United States, to Lyon, France...
November 1, 2011
Susan P. Fisher-Hoch, M.D. - The University of Texas School of Public Health
In 1946, physicist Robert Wilson first suggested that protons could be used as a form of radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer because of the sharp drop-off that occurs on the distal edge of the radiation dose. Research soon confirmed that high-energy protons were particularly suitable for treating tumors near critical structures, such as the heart and spinal column. The precision with which protons can be delivered means that more radiation can be deposited into the tumor...
October 25, 2011
Dr. Cynthia Keppel - Hampton University Proton Therapy Institute
Explore the chemistry of chocolate and how the chemistry relates to the flavor and effects of chocolate on the human body and why, even after 3,400 years of cocoa consumption, chocolate remains somewhat of a mystery.
April 19, 2011
Dr. Andy McShea - Theo Chocolate
Learn how the methods and discoveries of human population genetics are applied for personal genealogical reconstruction and anthropological testing. We will start with a short general review of human genetics and the biology behind this form of DNA testing. We will look at how DNA testing is performed and how samples are processed in our laboratory. We will also examine examples of personal genealogical results from Family Tree DNA and personal anthropological results from the Genographic Project...
March 29, 2011
Dr. Matt Kaplan - University of Arizona Genetics Core
The universe is dark and mysterious, more so than even Einstein imagined. While modern science has established deep understanding of ordinary matter, unidentified elements ("Dark Matter" and "Dark Energy") dominate the structure of the universe, its behavior and its destiny. What are these curious elements? We are now working on answers to these and other challenging questions posed by the universe with experiments at particle accelerators on Earth...
November 23, 2010
Dr. James E. Brau - University of Oregon
Young Einstein was a rebel who seemed doomed to fail. How did he overcome rejection to become the most famous scientist in history? We will discuss and explain all his theories in plain English and without math, and we will discover how Einstein's achievements impact our lives through DVDs, GPS, iPods, computers and green energy.
October 5, 2010
Dr. Robert Piccioni
The ongoing efforts to conserve and exhibit the iconic Civil War ironclad USS Monitor at The Mariners' Museum will be discussed. The presentation will cover past conservation accomplishments by conservators and NOAA specialists, current activities in the lab, and future plans to bring back to life one of the world's most famous warships. Learn about the complex methods and procedures used to treat the ship's revolving gun turret, steam engine...
March 2, 2010
David Krop - Conservation Project Manager, The Mariner's Museum
Eleven elaborate chemical demonstrations which are choreographed and set to popular music. These demonstrations are mixed with two or three numbers involving audience participation.
February 9, 2010
Within a decade of adding a "Cosmological Constant" to his triumphant General Theory of Relativity in 1915, Einstein denigrated the addition as his "greatest blunder." In the last decade, however, new observations have led to a revolution in cosmology and a rethinking of Einstein's alleged blunder and its implications for understanding nature and life. In this World Year of Physics Lecture Series talk, Lawrence Krauss, director of the Center for Education and Research...
March 16, 2005
Lawrence Krauss - Case Western Reserve University
Just in time for Thanksgiving! Do you know what toxins may be lurking in your food? How are they produced and how harmful are they? Dr. Kristen Kulp, a cancer research scientist, will perform demonstrations to illustrate methods used to detect these food toxins. She will also describe quick and easy cooking techniques that will reduce the formation of these harmful compounds.
November 23, 2004
Dr. Kristen Kulp - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
From the moment the clock radio comes on in the morning to the time we shut off the last light at night, a hidden web of technology - a labyrinth - supports and sustains us. Our speaker takes the first half hour of his day and shows the complex web of technology underlying it. In addition to the technical aspect, he explores the social, political, economic, and cultural context of the material things that surround us.
April 20, 2004
Dr. William Hammack - University of Illinois and National Public Radio
Did you ever wonder how a Boeing 747, weighing 910,000 lbs at takeoff can possibly get off the ground? Or, did you ever wonder how airplanes fly upside down? Why is there a "backside of the power curve?" What makes a wing efficient? These questions can be answered when lift is developed in terms of Newton's laws. A Newtonian description of lift gives an intuitive feel for how airplanes fly, without the need for complicated analysis or approximations...
March 23, 2004
Dr. Scott Eberhardt - University of Washington
A two-time NASCAR Champion will overview the physics of stock car racing from a driver's perspective. Topics will feature various technical aspects of stock car racing, such as, tires, mechanical suspension, aerodynamics and engines, with an emphasis on NASCAR-style cars.
March 9, 2004
Dr. Scott Winters - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
What do those huge canyons on Mars look like? What is waiting for us on the surfaces of the other planets in our solar system? What technologies are now being used to explore the depths of space? Learn about the exploration of space and see images gathered by probes and telescopes!
February 24, 2004
Nigel Hey - Science Author
From the energy supplied by the pitcher to the ball to the way the batter swings the bat to the path of the fly ball to center field, ways that physics can be applied to baseball to better understand and enjoy the game!
December 9, 2003
Dr. Robert Adair - Yale University
Antimatter, black holes and the expansion of the universe were all 'discovered' by physicists studying squiggles on paper. Now, predictions of strange quark matter, invisible stars and new dimensions of space and time set the stage for the biggest science headlines of the 21st century.
November 5, 2003
Tom Siegfried - Science Editor, The Dallas Morning News
A million dollar French impressionist painting or a worthless fake? Explore the techniques used by scientific detectives to distinguish between priceless documents and convincing forgeries.
October 7, 2003
Dr. Michael Henchman - Brandeis University
Even superheroes must obey the laws of physics - or do they? Exactly how much force does it take to leap a tall building in a single bound and what does that tell us about Superman's home planet? Did Spider-Man accidentally cause the death of the falling Gwen Stacy when he caught her with a web? Discover what's right - and wrong - with the physics in the world of comics.
March 25, 2003
Dr. Jim Kakalios - University of Minnesota
How can scientists know anything about quarks, particles which are 100,000 times smaller than atoms? How do quarks arrange themselves to make ordinary matter? Learn about the hidden world of quarks, the particles which are inside of everything, everywhere!
February 26, 2003
Dr. Timothy Paul Smith - Dartmouth College
The story of the Chicxulub impact crater, created 65 million years ago by the asteroid that wiped out the dinosaurs!
November 19, 2002
Dr. Kevin Pope - Geo Eco Arc Research, Aquasco, MD
A series of educational and entertaining demonstrations that convey the excitement of science in general and chemistry in particular.
October 29, 2002
Dr. Joe Schwarcz - McGill Office for Chemistry and Society, Montreal, Canada
How a physicist thinks about baseball!
March 28, 2002
Dr. Alan Nathan - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Come and explore the geology and geography of this unique land.
February 8, 2002
Dr. Richard S. Williams Jr. - U.S. Geological Survey
Learn how your TV works and the changes that will come with Digital High Definition TV.
March 6, 2001
Mr. Paul Cummings - Newport News Public Schools
Chemistry experiments that demonstrate the existence and properties of molecules!
November 14, 2000
Dr. H. Alan Rowe - Norfolk State University
Jefferson Lab's unique and expanding facilities are the platform for studies of contaminated soils and sediments.
October 17, 2000
Dr. Michael Kelley and Christine Conrad - College of William and Mary, Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Learn about different types of radiation, where it comes from, how it is detected and how it affects living cells.
March 14, 2000
Robert May, Scott Schwahn - Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
How engineering is used to help scientists study the geology, climate and possibility of life on Mars.
February 15, 2000
Dr. Robert Mitcheltree - NASA Langley Research Center
Eye-popping experiments demonstrating the laws of physics!
October 12, 1999
Dr. Phil Cole - University of Texas, El Paso
From spinning tops to polarized electrons, how you can become a polarized source expert in one easy lesson!
March 9, 1999
Dr. Scott Price - Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
From Star Wars to credit cards, a discussion and demonstration on the inner workings of lasers and 3-D holograms.
February 9, 1999
Mr. Paul Christie - Liti Holographics
Learn about the physics of timekeeping and atomic clocks.
December 15, 1998
Dr. Christopher Ekstrom - U.S. Naval Observatory
Fusion is a potentially limitless source of energy. Can we make it work?
November 3, 1998
Dr. Andrew Post-Zwicker - Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
From diapers to slime, see the many uses of these materials.
January 13, 1998
Dr. Tarek Sammakia and Dr. Gordon Yee - University of Colorado
Eye-popping experiments that you shouldn't try at home!
November 18, 1997
Professor Cynthia Keppel with Mr. R. Neil Green and Mr. Tege Margues - Hampton University
Predict the outcome of physics experiments and brain teasers!
October 15, 1997
Professor Richard Berg - University of Maryland
How the idea of symmetry helps us understand the world.
April 29, 1997
Dr. Howard Georgi - Harvard University
LIGO - A project to build observatories for a new window on the universe.
March 18, 1997
Dr. David Shoemaker - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Insights on creating and playing interactive games.
December 10, 1996
Ms. Stephanie Barish - Shoah Foundation
How heat and chemical treatments make aluminum alloys so useful and versatile.
October 23, 1996
Dr. Carolyn Meyers - North Carolina A&T State University
Repairing the Hubble Space Telescope and experimenting in space.
April 17, 1996
Dr. Kathryn C. Thornton - Astronaut, NASA Johnson Space Center
Understanding prehistoric archaeology and sea level change.
January 23, 1996
Dennis Blanton - The College of William and Mary
How we learn about subatomic particles and their interactions.
November 14, 1995
Dr. Gail Dodge - Old Dominion University
Information storage and transmission in the brain.
October 17, 1995
Dr. Charles F. Stevens - Salk Institute
Invisible microwaves from space provide clues for astrophysicists.
September 26, 1995
Dr. Jacqueline N. Hewitt - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Answers to questions about AIDS: How, Why and How Not
April 4, 1995
Dr. Saundra H. Oyewole - Trinity College
Making hundreds of computers do your bidding - even from home!
March 14, 1995
Dr. Chip Watson - CEBAF
Cleaning up hazardous waste provides new challenges for today's scientists.
February 14, 1995
Jacqueline W. Sales - Hazardous and Medical Waste Services, Inc.
How human actions and activities affect the atmosphere.
January 11, 1995
Dr. Joel Levine - NASA Langely Research Center
Techniques for reducing the sonic boom of supersonic aircraft.
December 13, 1994
Dr. Christine Darden - NASA Langely Research Center
How much of a threat do these collisions pose today?
November 9, 1994
Dr. Christopher Chyba - National Security Council
How the use of light, especially laser light, entertains, heals, and helps us understand our world.
October 27, 1994
Dr. Michelle Shinn - Bryn Mawr College
Undersea voyages capture geology in action at mid-ocean ridges.
May 25, 1994
Dr. John Delaney - University of Washington
Dramatic and surprising demonstrations of physics with everyday objects.
April 19, 1994
Dr. Charles Hyde-Wright - Old Dominion University
The science behind oyster breeding, cultivation and fishery management.
February 15, 1994
Dr. Mary C. Gibbons - McMullen Associates
Understanding air pollution using nuclear and atomic detective techniques.
January 11, 1994
Dr. Thomas A. Cahill - University of California
Learn the latest on genetics being discovered by the Human Genome Project.
December 7, 1993
Dr. Paula Gregory - University of Michigan
How physicists detect particles that can't be seen.
November 16, 1993
Dr. Keith Baker - Hampton University and CEBAF
Learn about nature's most elusive and nearly undectable particle.
September 28, 1993
Dr. Gina Rameika - Fermilab
Explore the world of jellyfish research with a marine scientist and learn about jellyfish, their sting, and their predators.
April 20, 1993
Dr. Karen Rowe - Hampton University
Are you worried about our planet's future? Environmental scientists do something about it.
December 2, 1992
Dr. Elizabeth Anderson - Clements International Corporation
How do we know about the Peninsula's prehistoric past? Learn how fossils give us a local history lesson.
October 21, 1992
Geology Professor Jerre Johnson - College of William and Mary
How do we learn about atoms and the universe?
September 30, 1992
Dr. Leon Lederman - Nobel Laureate
What constitutes physical fitness? How does the body keep in shape? Athletes especially will be interested in this overview by a sports medicine expert.
May 14, 1992
Dr. David N. Tornberg - Hampton Roads Orthopedic Associates
How does human skin do its job of protecting the body? What sorts of things can go wrong -- and what can be done when they do?
February 20, 1992
Dr. Susan E. Mackel, M.D. - Oyster Point Dermatology, Inc.
How do scientists and engineers use magnets? What do magnets promise for the future? See for yourself what's involved in tapping one of nature's fundamental forces: electromagnetism.
December 11, 1991
Dr. Leigh Harwood - CEBAF
Demonstrations of weather forecasting tools and techniques for experiments in the atmosphere and of lasers used to measure atmospheric trace gases and aerosols.
May 14, 1991
Mark Shipham, Scott Bachmeier, Scott Higdon, and Byron Meadows - NASA/Langley Research Center
Simulations and demonstrations of the human interface for real-time data acquisition, the capabilities and possibilities of computers and networking, and theoretical modeling of the physical universe.
March 6, 1991
Dr. Roy Whitney, Ms. Rita Chambers and Dr. Chip Watson - CEBAF
What makes weather forecasting so hard? How can computers help?
January 22, 1991
Dr. Mike Kaplan - North Carolina State University
What IS superconductivity, anyway? In sub-Antartic cold, strange things happen to the superconductor BArium Yttrium Copper Oxide.
December 12, 1990
Dr. Randy Caton and Dr. Fred Hartline - Christopher Newport University
The hows and whys of our disappearing beaches - severe storms, changing of the sea level, and shifting sand.
October 25, 1990
Dr. Suzette Kimball - VIMS Associate Marine Scientist
An overview of CEBAF's purpose and technology.
September 27, 1990
Dr. Beverly Hartline and Kathryn Strozak - CEBAF
In his youth, Dr. William Bertozzi, an MIT professor who has long been a leader in experimental nuclear physics using beams of electrons, carried out an experiment in which he explored the relationship between the velocity of electrons and their kinetic energy by measurements over a range of accelerating voltages between 0.5 MeV and 15 MeV. The kinetic energy is measured using calorimetry and the velocity is measured by time-of-flight. This educational film, made in 1962, documents the experiment...
Sometime in 1962
Dr. William Bertozzi - Massachusetts Institute of Technology