Undergraduate Research at Jefferson Lab

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Comparing and Improving Quality Factor Data

Commission of Pulse Reverse Electropolishing of Niobium
in a Hydrofluoric Acid-Free Aqueous Electrolyte

Student: Melissa Meyerson

School: University of Maryland

Mentored By: Charles Reece and Hui Tian

The performance of superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cavities is greatly affected by the topography of the interior surface, so it is imperative that the surface be as smooth as possible. Pulse reverse electropolishing (EP) is a new method that uses alternating anodic and cathodic pulses to polish niobium (Nb). Previous studies have shown that pulse reverse EP effectively polishes the surface of Nb SRF cavities. However, the optimum polishing parameters and mechanism for oxide removal are not well understood. The goal of this project was to better understand the optimum parameters and polishing mechanism. Polishing occurred when a mixed metal oxide coated titanium counter electrode (CE) was used, but not an aluminum CE, which suggests that a CE with a lower potential drop is preferred. The variation of pulse lengths indicated that if the negative pulse is too short all of the oxide is not removed; however, there is not enough data to determine optimum polishing parameters.
Commission of Pulse Reverse Electropolishing of Niobium<br>in a Hydrofluoric Acid-Free Aqueous Electrolyte