Science Education Home Home Teachers Students Games Videos VA SOL Programs

It's Elemental

The Element Roentgenium

[Click for Isotope Data]


111 Rg Roentgenium 281

Atomic Number: 111

Atomic Weight: 281

Melting Point: Unknown

Boiling Point: Unknown

Density: Unknown

Phase at Room Temperature: Expected to be a Solid

Element Classification: Metal

Period Number: 7

Group Number: 11

Group Name: none

Special Notes: Radioactive and Artificially Produced

What's in a name? Named after the scientist Wilhelm Conrad Röentgen.

Say what? Roentgenium is pronounced as RENT-ghen-ee-em.

History and Uses:

Roentgenium was first produced by Peter Armbruster, Gottfried Münzenber and their team working at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany in late 1994. They bombarded atoms of bismuth-209 with ions of nickel-64 with a device known as a linear accelerator. This produced three atoms of roentgenium-272, an isotope with a half-life of about 1.5 milliseconds (0.0015 seconds), and a free neutron.

Roentgenium's most stable isotope, roentgenium-281, has a half-life of about 26 seconds and decays through spontaneous fission.

Since only a few atoms of roentgenium have ever been produced, it currently has no uses outside of basic scientific research.

Estimated Crustal Abundance: Not Applicable

Estimated Oceanic Abundance: Not Applicable

Number of Stable Isotopes: 0 (View all isotope data)

Ionization Energy: Unknown

Oxidation States: Unknown

Electron Shell Configuration:



2s2   2p6

3s2   3p6   3d10

4s2   4p6   4d10   4f14

5s2   5p6   5d10   5f14

6s2   6p6   6d10


Citation and linking information

For questions about this page, please contact Steve Gagnon.